College: 4-year

The Relevance of School to Career: A Study in Student Awareness

This study uses a national sample of students in sixth and ninth grade to determine how students perceive the utility of schooling for career development. Students demonstrated little awareness of the relationship between work and school, skills and knowledge required of them and learning opportunities at their disposal. In addition, students found extracurricular activities to be more important to their future careers than academic activities.

Gender Differences in College Preparedness: A Statewide Study

This study of high school students examines the gender differences in college-ready performance in reading, math and both subjects, and on the American College Test (ACT) and Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). Less than one-third of all students were said to be college-ready in both math and reading, and statistically significant differences were revealed in the subject areas and SAT average scores.

An Introductory Mixed-Methods Intersectionality Analysis Of College Access and Equity: An Examination of First-Generation Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

This longitudinal study uses a nationally representative sample of high school sophomores to explore if first-generation Asian Americans and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students suffer from inequalities in college access. The analysis revealed that first-generation AAPI students face inequalities in terms of college access, which results in lower educational expectations, lower probability of educational expectations, decreased probability of taking college entrance exams, and applying to and attending higher education institutions.

The Role of Simplification and Information in College Decisions: Results from the H&R Block FAFSA Experiment

This study examined the effects of information about government support programs for college financial aid. H&R Block provided assistance with completing the federal application for financial aid (FAFSA) and information on eligibility for government aid and local postsecondary options to a randomly selected sample of low to moderate income families. Another randomly selected sample received only personalized aid eligibility information and no assistance with the FAFSA.

Advancement Via Individual Determination: Method Selection in Conclusions About Program Effectiveness

This evaluation of Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) showed statistically significant differences between AVID and comparison students on measures of enrollment in eighth grade algebra, language arts grades, school absences, and college attendance, favoring AVID students.

Creating Pathways to College for Migrant Students: Assessing a Migrant Outreach Program

This longitudinal study tracked the college-going behaviors of students that participated in the Migrant Student Leadership Institute, which aims to increase the number of migrant students attending a 4-year college through academic preparation, information about college and critical thinking about sociopolitical conditions. Findings from this study, which included a comparison group, showed that participation in the program had a positive effect on application and enrollment rates for selective California public higher education institutions.

A Statewide Examination of College Access Services and Resources in Virginia

This study evaluates what types of services, programs and providers are needed in Virginia to increase student access to postsecondary education. This report highlights the resources available by examining statistics, maps, figure and case-narratives, areas where progress is being made and college access roadblocks encountered. A detailed illustration which includes technical information is also described.

Enrollment, Persistence and Graduation of In-State Students at a Public Research University: Does High School Matter?

Analyses reported in this study found a positive relationship between SAT taking rates and college enrollment rates. The study also found that free and reduced price lunch and residing more than 60 miles away from a higher education institute were associated with lower rates of college enrollment.

Achieving the Possible: What Americans Think About the College- and Career-Ready Agenda

This brief sponsored by Achieve, Inc., discusses the results from a poll of registered voters to examine: 1) whether they support the goal that students graduating high school should be college and career ready, and 2) whether they support the policies necessary to reach the goal. Voters polled indicated a strong belief in rigorous, well rounded high school academic requirements that are aligned with college and career expectations.


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