Knowledge, Skills, and Dispositions: The Innovation Lab Network State Framework for College, Career, and Citizenship Readiness, and Implications for State Policy

This policy brief identifies the essential qualities - or knowledge, skills, and dispositions (KSD) - that educators must cultivate in students to enable them to achieve college and career readiness (CCR).  The authors outline the neccesary developments and/or changes at the level of state policy that must be carried out to help students achieve CCR with respect to the identified KSD framework. Their suggestions include the formal establishment of KSD as the guiding model for CCR, advocating for competency-based education, the alignment of teacher development and teacher/student assessment with CCR expectations, and the alignment of K-12 with postsecondary learning and career entry. 

External Publication
Council of Chief State School Officers
Publication Year