This report details an Annenberg Institute for School Reform study in which leading indicators, as inspired by those used by economists, are explored at four school districts prominently utilizing leading indicators to discern student progress prior to the availability of high stakes testing data. Based on findings from interviews with district and school personnel, the following indicators are explored: early reading proficiency, enrollment in pre-algebra and algebra, overage/under-credited, college admission test scores, attendance and suspensions, special education enrollment, student engagement, and teacher and principal quality. The report notes interventions associated with each indicator and the treatment group for each. Additionally, the interview protocols used in the study are included.
Beyond Test Scores: Leading Indicators for Education
Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University
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