This report presents a review of improvement strategies and reforms that educators and policymakers can develop and implement to support low-performing high schools. The report explains the theories that drive each reform strategy, reviews the evidence supporting the strategies, and provides suggestions for implementing the reforms. Some of the reform strategies include dual enrollment, early college high schools, learning communities, career academies, and charter high schools.
This literature review explores the role of noncognitive factors in academic performance, which is measured by student GPA. The report develops an evidence-based conceptual framework from existing literature on noncognitive factors. The report also analyzes existing research to identify any gaps in knowledge in order to assist policymakers who wish to assess leverage points for improving student achievement. Additionally, it examines implications for student learning, presents case studies, and provides recommendations.
On September 17, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation’s Education and Workforce Program hosted Connecting the Dots: Education, Policy, Workforce, a summit focused on the roles that business, education, and workforce development leaders can play in improving education outcomes and increasing the number of people who are college and career ready.
This report provides evidence-based strategies to increase student proficiency and engagement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). The President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) sought out the expertise of educators, school administrators, private companies, government officials in education, and STEM practitioners to inform their policy recommendations. Suggestions range from more federal promotion of STEM to innovative and experiential learning of STEM for students from all backgrounds.
This policy brief is the first in a series of briefs on how the federal government can support competency-based education. The brief opens with a description of competency-based education and a working definition, followed by state examples that illustrate a shift towards competency-based education. The brief also discusses the federal role in expanding competency-based education, including barriers in federal accountability and assessment policies.
This report from the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology provides recommendations for increasing the number of college graduates with degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). Premised on the economic projections that we will need 1 million more STEM professionals than we are currently on track to produce, the report focuses on the most cost effective solution to this problem: retaining STEM majors through their first two years of college.
This brief describes the K-12 reforms President Obama included in the budget for 2014. These reform efforts are focused on high school redesign and career readiness; science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education; effective teaching and school leadership; school safety; school turnaround; and data systems.
This brief describes the different interpretations of what "21st century skills" are as well as the different perspectives of how these skills should be implemented and assessed. The brief also includes recommendations for policymaking around implementation and assessment of 21st century skills. These recommendations include refocusing accountablity systems, defining proficiencies and competencies around work-based learning opportunities, expanding secondary and higher education cooperation, and implementing Linked Learning.