English Language Arts

On the Road to Implementation: Achieving the Promise of the Common Core State Standards

This brief from Achieve identifies the key areas that state policymakers should consider in order to implement the new Common Core State Standards with fidelity. The brief provides suggestions for aligning these new standards with their existing standards and course requirements, as well as aligning assessments for collecting data and measuring achievement. The brief lists steps each state can take to ensure they are implementing the standards effectively.

Using College Admission Test Scores to Clarify High School Placement

This brief from the Annenberg Institute outlines the use of college admission test scores in high school class placement. The author indicates why theses test are useful in a high school application and how this indicator is measured by school districts. The author also provides guidance for how districts can use data from these tests to implement interventions and reform strategies.

Creating College Readiness: Profiles of 38 Schools That Know How

This report provides a profile of 38 schools and details how these schools have implemented strategies to promote and advance college readiness. The report outlines each school, characteristics that make the school unique, and lessons learned from undertaking particular strategies. The report is organized into six sections: 1) alternative schools, 2) charter schools, 3) comprehensive schools, 4) early college high schools, 5) magnet schools, and 6) private schools. In several cases, schools may have utilized more than one strategy to achieve their goal.

Grad Nation: A Guidebook to Help Communities Tackle The Dropout Crisis

This guidebook is a step-by-step guide for schools, families and the community on how to be involved in addressing the dropout crisis. The authors provide research-based information and tools with each section to be used in implementing programs specific to the community. Each section provides background information on topics relevant to the community as a whole such as the cost of high dropout rates, along with questions techniques, strategies, and additional resources to address the community needs.

Lining Up: The Relationship Between the Common Core State Standards and Five Sets of Comparison Standards

This report by EPIC addresses three research questions for each of the two subject areas for which Common Core State Standards have been developed, namely, English language arts and literacy, and mathematics: 1.) To what extent are the knowledge and skills found in the comparison standards the same as or different from what is described in the Common Core State Standards? 2.) What is the cognitive complexity level of the Common Core State Standards and to what extent are the matched comparison standards at a higher or lower level of cognitive complexity?

Bridging the Gap Between High School and College

This study evaluated the effects of English, mathematics, and career development curriculum on high school sophomore and junior American Indian students’ academic achievement in Nizhoni Academy, a five-week summer program. Data from teacher-constructed math and English pre and posttests and a questionnaire regarding students’ feelings related to career goals and opportunities available to them after graduation were examined. Results revealed that the academy improved test scores in both content areas and prepared American Indian students for college.

Follow-up of Advanced Placement Students in College

This study analyzes the success of Advanced Placement (AP) students in college compared to other high achieving students. A questionnaire and college grade point averages of 41 high achieving college students in courses in natural science and English are examined. Results showed that AP students did not earn significantly higher grades in college compared to those that were considered high achieving students, and AP students also did not find their high school courses more beneficial than their high achieving peers.

Gender Differences in College Preparedness: A Statewide Study

This study of high school students examines the gender differences in college-ready performance in reading, math and both subjects, and on the American College Test (ACT) and Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). Less than one-third of all students were said to be college-ready in both math and reading, and statistically significant differences were revealed in the subject areas and SAT average scores.

2009 ACT National Curriculum Survey

This resource from the ACT surveys teachers’ educational practices and expectations in English/writing, reading, mathematics, and science. The purpose of the survey is to determine the skills and knowledge that are currently being taught, in addition to those considered important for success for college readiness. It found that the skills rated most highly by postsecondary instructors across the content areas included reading, English and language arts, writing, communication skills, mathematics, science, and critical thinking and problem-solving skills.


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